Grid-based methods for chemistry simulations on a quantum computer

Science advances(2023)

Cited 6|Views13
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Abstract
First quantized, grid-based methods for chemistry modelling are a natural and elegant fit for quantum computers. However, it is infeasible to use today's quantum prototypes to explore the power of this approach, because it requires a significant number of near-perfect qubits. Here we employ exactly-emulated quantum computers with up to 36 qubits, to execute deep yet resource-frugal algorithms that model 2D and 3D atoms with single and paired particles. A range of tasks is explored, from ground state preparation and energy estimation to the dynamics of scattering and ionisation; we evaluate various methods within the split-operator QFT (SO-QFT) Hamiltonian simulation paradigm, including protocols previously-described in theoretical papers as well as our own novel techniques. While we identify certain restrictions and caveats, generally the grid-based method is found to perform very well; our results are consistent with the view that first quantized paradigms will be dominant from the early fault-tolerant quantum computing era onward.
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Key words
chemistry simulations,quantum computer,grid-based
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