Signatures of the spin Hall effect in hot and dense QCD matter

arXiv (Cornell University)(2022)

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The spin Hall effect (SHE) is a generation of spin polarization for moving spin carriers in materials under an external electric field and has been observed in semiconductors, metals, and insulators at or below room temperature. Recent theoretical analyses show that spin Hall current can be induced by the baryon chemical potential gradient which plays the role of the analogous electric field and which becomes sizable in the fireballs created in heavy-ion collisions at beam energy of ${\cal O}(10)$~GeV. In this letter, we study this important mechanism for spin polarization generation that has not been systematically explored before and predict the signature of the SHE in those collisions using a (3+1)~D viscous hydrodynamic model MUSIC with AMPT initial condition. We propose to use the second Fourier coefficients of the net spin polarization of Lambda hyperon as sensitive probes to search for the SHE. Those SHE observables show a qualitative difference in both the sign and beam energy dependence for the situations with and without the SHE. Future experimental observation of these distinct qualitative features would provide strong evidence for the existence of the SHE in the hot and dense QCD matter at trillions of degrees.
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Key words
dense qcd matter,spin hall effect
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