Prognostic implications of adaptive immune features in MMR-proficient colorectal liver metastases classified by histopathological growth patterns

BRITISH JOURNAL OF CANCER(2022)

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摘要
Background After resection, colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) surrounded by a desmoplastic rim carry a better prognosis than the metastases replacing the adjacent liver. However, these histopathological growth patterns (HGPs) are insufficient to guide clinical decision-making. We explored whether the adaptive immune features of HGPs could refine prognostication. Methods From 276 metastases resected in 176 patients classified by HGPs, tissue microarrays were used to assess intratumoral T cells (CD3), antigen presentation capacity (MHC class I) and CD73 expression producing immunosuppressive adenosine. We tested correlations between these variables and patient outcomes. Results The 101 (57.4%) patients with dominant desmoplastic HGP had a median recurrence-free survival (RFS) of 17.1 months compared to 13.3 months in the 75 patients (42.6%) with dominant replacement HGP ( p = 0.037). In desmoplastic CRLM, high vs. low CD73 was the only prognostically informative immune parameter and was associated with a median RFS of 12.3 months compared to 26.3, respectively ( p = 0.010). Only in dominant replacement CRLM, we found a subgroup ( n = 23) with high intratumoral MHC-I expression but poor CD3 + T cell infiltration, a phenotype associated with a short median RFS of 7.9 months. Conclusions Combining the assessments of HGP and adaptive immune features in resected CRLM could help identify patients at risk of early recurrence.
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关键词
Adaptive immunity,Cancer microenvironment,Outcomes research,Biomedicine,general,Cancer Research,Epidemiology,Molecular Medicine,Oncology,Drug Resistance
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