Self-supervised Representation Learning of Neuronal Morphologies

arxiv(2021)

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摘要
Understanding the diversity of cell types and their function in the brain is one of the key challenges in neuroscience. The advent of large-scale datasets has given rise to the need of unbiased and quantitative approaches to cell type classification. We present GraphDINO, a purely data-driven approach to learning a low dimensional representation of the 3D morphology of neurons. GraphDINO is a novel graph representation learning method for spatial graphs utilizing self-supervised learning on transformer models. It smoothly interpolates between attention-based global interaction between nodes and classic graph convolutional processing. We show that this method is able to yield morphological cell type clustering that is comparable to manual feature-based classification and shows a good correspondence to expert-labeled cell types in two different species and cortical areas. Our method is applicable beyond neuroscience in settings where samples in a dataset are graphs and graph-level embeddings are desired.
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