Learning With Nested Scene Modeling and Cooperative Architecture Search for Low-Light Vision.

IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence(2023)

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Images captured from low-light scenes often suffer from severe degradations, including low visibility, color casts, intensive noises, etc. These factors not only degrade image qualities, but also affect the performance of downstream Low-Light Vision (LLV) applications. A variety of deep networks have been proposed to enhance the visual quality of low-light images. However, they mostly rely on significant architecture engineering and often suffer from the high computational burden. More importantly, it still lacks an efficient paradigm to uniformly handle various tasks in the LLV scenarios. To partially address the above issues, we establish Retinex-inspired Unrolling with Architecture Search (RUAS), a general learning framework, that can address low-light enhancement task, and has the flexibility to handle other challenging downstream vision tasks. Specifically, we first establish a nested optimization formulation, together with an unrolling strategy, to explore underlying principles of a series of LLV tasks. Furthermore, we design a differentiable strategy to cooperatively search specific scene and task architectures for RUAS. Last but not least, we demonstrate how to apply RUAS for both low- and high-level LLV applications (e.g., enhancement, detection and segmentation). Extensive experiments verify the flexibility, effectiveness, and efficiency of RUAS.
Low-light vision,nested optimization,Retinex-inspired unrolling,cooperative architecture search
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