Analysis About Change Of The Armature'S Average Speed For An Experimental Rail Launcher

IEEJ TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING(2021)

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摘要
In this paper, we measured the armature velocity of an experimental electromagnetic launcher by B-dot method and analyzed the change of the armature's average speed. The electromagnetic gun launching process was also simulated by Ansoft Maxwell simulation software. The launch current is used as the model's excitation which means that the current in the model is the same as the rail current. Ansoft Maxwell's 3D model can accurately simulate the launching process, in theory. We found that there was an unexpected rise during the real launching process. The phenomenon can be discovered in the following several experiments. We analyzed several possible causes such as the inductive gradient change, rail broken and inaccurate measurement of B-dot probe. The inductive gradient is an important parameter in the launching process and can affect the armature speed. After checking the measurement problem, we also found that the wave form of the output signal from the probe where the unexpected change occurred was normal but the amplitude was very small. The measurement method was proved correct. The rise of average inductance gradient leads to the unexpected increase in average speed and the small signal. Furthermore, the physical reason for the change of inductance gradient should be the change of current distribution. (c) 2021 Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan. Published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.
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关键词
electromagnetic rail-gun launch, Ansoft Maxwell, speed change, inductance gradient
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