Sessile Liquid Drops Damp Vibrating Structures

PHYSICS OF FLUIDS(2021)

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摘要
In this study, we explore the vibration damping characteristics of singular liquid drops of varying viscosity and surface tension resting on a millimetric cantilever. Cantilevers are displaced 0.6mm at their free end, 6% their length, and allowed to vibrate freely. Such ringdown vibration causes drops to deform, or slosh, which dissipates kinetic energy via viscous dissipation within the drop and through contact line friction. Damping by drop sloshing is dependent on viscosity, surface tension, drop size, and drop location. A solid weight with the same mass as experimental drops is used to compare against the damping imposed by liquids, thereby accounting for other damping sources. Neither the most viscous nor least viscous drops studied imposed the greatest damping on cantilever motion. Instead, drops of intermediate viscosity strike the most effective balance of sloshing and internal dissipative capacity. Very thin cantilevers with sloshing drops express more than one dominant frequency and vibrate erratically, often shifting phase, presenting a challenge for quantification of damping. Finally, we introduce a new dimensionless group aimed at incorporating all salient variables of our cantilever-drop system.
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