D^2Conv3D: Dynamic Dilated Convolutions for Object Segmentation in Videos

arXiv (Cornell University)(2021)

Cited 10|Views17
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Despite receiving significant attention from the research community, the task of segmenting and tracking objects in monocular videos still has much room for improvement. Existing works have simultaneously justified the efficacy of dilated and deformable convolutions for various image-level segmentation tasks. This gives reason to believe that 3D extensions of such convolutions should also yield performance improvements for video-level segmentation tasks. However, this aspect has not yet been explored thoroughly in existing literature. In this paper, we propose Dynamic Dilated Convolutions (D^2Conv3D): a novel type of convolution which draws inspiration from dilated and deformable convolutions and extends them to the 3D (spatio-temporal) domain. We experimentally show that D^2Conv3D can be used to improve the performance of multiple 3D CNN architectures across multiple video segmentation related benchmarks by simply employing D^2Conv3D as a drop-in replacement for standard convolutions. We further show that D^2Conv3D out-performs trivial extensions of existing dilated and deformable convolutions to 3D. Lastly, we set a new state-of-the-art on the DAVIS 2016 Unsupervised Video Object Segmentation benchmark. Code is made publicly available at https://github.com/Schmiddo/d2conv3d .
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Key words
Segmentation,Grouping and Shape Deep Learning,Scene Understanding
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