Tips and Tools to Understand Direct Membrane Translocation of siRNA-Loaded WRAP-Based Nanoparticles.

Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)(2022)

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摘要
Cell-penetrating peptide (CPP)-based approaches are excellent method for delivering cell-impermeable compounds/therapeutics such as proteins, antibodies, antisense oligonucleotides, siRNAs, plasmids, and drugs, as covalently or noncovalently conjugated cargo into cells. Nowadays, it is generally accepted that cellular internalization of these CPP-cargoes or CPP-nanoparticles occur via endocytosis-dependent mechanisms or by direct cell translocation.Here, we describe a subset of biophysical and biological methods which can be used to dissect the internalization mechanism of CPPs. Presented protocols and results were shown for the recently developed siRNA-loaded WRAP-based nanoparticles. The rapid and efficient cell delivery of WRAP encapsulated siRNA could be attributed to the main direct cellular translocation of the nanoparticles even if, to some extent, endocytosis-dependent internalization occurred.Deciphering the internalization mechanism is still an important requirement to understand and to optimize the action mode of CPPs or CPP-based nanoparticles as transfection reagents.
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关键词
Direct translocation,Endocytosis,Internalization mechanism,Peptide-based nanoparticle,siRNA
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