One-shot Key Information Extraction from Document with Deep Partial Graph Matching

arxiv(2021)

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摘要
Automating the Key Information Extraction (KIE) from documents improves efficiency, productivity, and security in many industrial scenarios such as rapid indexing and archiving. Many existing supervised learning methods for the KIE task need to feed a large number of labeled samples and learn separate models for different types of documents. However, collecting and labeling a large dataset is time-consuming and is not a user-friendly requirement for many cloud platforms. To overcome these challenges, we propose a deep end-to-end trainable network for one-shot KIE using partial graph matching. Contrary to previous methods that the learning of similarity and solving are optimized separately, our method enables the learning of the two processes in an end-to-end framework. Existing one-shot KIE methods are either template or simple attention-based learning approach that struggle to handle texts that are shifted beyond their desired positions caused by printers, as illustrated in Fig.1. To solve this problem, we add one-to-(at most)-one constraint such that we will find the globally optimized solution even if some texts are drifted. Further, we design a multimodal context ensemble block to boost the performance through fusing features of spatial, textual, and aspect representations. To promote research of KIE, we collected and annotated a one-shot document KIE dataset named DKIE with diverse types of images. The DKIE dataset consists of 2.5K document images captured by mobile phones in natural scenes, and it is the largest available one-shot KIE dataset up to now. The results of experiments on DKIE show that our method achieved state-of-the-art performance compared with recent one-shot and supervised learning approaches. The dataset and proposed one-shot KIE model will be released soo
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关键词
extraction,deep partial
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