FederatedNILM: A Distributed and Privacy-preserving Framework for Non-intrusive Load Monitoring based on Federated Deep Learning


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Non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM), which usually utilizes machine learning methods and is effective in disaggregating smart meter readings from the household-level into appliance-level consumptions, can help to analyze electricity consumption behaviours of users and enable practical smart energy and smart grid applications. However, smart meters are privately owned and distributed, which make real-world applications of NILM challenging. To this end, this paper develops a distributed and privacy-preserving federated deep learning framework for NILM (FederatedNILM), which combines federated learning with a state-of-the-art deep learning architecture to conduct NILM for the classification of typical states of household appliances. Through extensive comparative experiments, the effectiveness of the proposed FederatedNILM framework is demonstrated.
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Key words
appliance-level consumption,deep learning architecture,distributed privacy-preserving federated deep learning,electricity consumption,FederatedNILM framework,household appliances,household-level consumption,machine learning methods,nonintrusive load monitoring,practical smart energy,real-world applications,smart grid applications,smart meter readings
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