Implementing Rigid Temporal Geometries In Moving Object Databases

2021 IEEE 37TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DATA ENGINEERING (ICDE 2021)(2021)

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Abstract
Various applications process geospatial trajectories of moving objects, such as cars, ships and robots. There is thus a need for a common conceptual framework to model and manage these objects, as well as to enable data interoperability across tools. The International Organization for Standardization ISO (R) has responded to this need and created the standard ISO 19141-Schema for moving features. Among its types, it defines a schema for rigid temporal geometries, which represent the movement of spatial objects translating and rotating over time, while preserving a fixed shape. Despite the abundance of these objects in real-world, there exists no reference implementation of this type of data in a common system, which causes them to usually be represented as temporal points without taking into account their spatial extents and shapes. In this paper, we aim to provide an implementation of rigid temporal geometries into MobilityDB, an open-source moving object database, that extends PostgreSQL and PostGIS. We provide a data model for rigid temporal geometries and propose efficient algorithms for the operations defined in ISO 19141. A use case on real AIS ship trajectories is illustrated to validate the proposed implementation. A synthetic data generator for temporal geometries is also proposed. Finally, we review the standard from an implementation point of view and provide insights on possible improvements.
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Key words
object databases,applications process geospatial trajectories,moving objects,common conceptual framework,data interoperability,spatial objects,reference implementation,temporal points,spatial extents,open-source moving object database,data model,AIS ship trajectories,standardization ISO,rigid temporal geometries,standard ISO 19141
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