Robust and Efficient Estimation of Relative Pose for Cameras on Selfie Sticks

IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence(2022)

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Taking selfies has become one of the major photographic trends of our time. In this study, we focus on the selfie stick, on which a camera is mounted to take selfies. We observe that a camera on a selfie stick typically travels through a particular type of trajectory around a sphere. Based on this finding, we propose a robust, efficient, and optimal estimation method for relative camera pose between two images captured by a camera mounted on a selfie stick. We exploit the special geometric structure of camera motion constrained by a selfie stick and define this motion as spherical joint motion . Utilizing a novel parametrization and calibration scheme, we demonstrate that the pose estimation problem can be reduced to a 3-degrees of freedom (DoF) search problem, instead of a generic 6-DoF problem. This facilitates the derivation of an efficient branch-and-bound optimization method that guarantees a global optimal solution, even in the presence of outliers. Furthermore, as a simplified case of spherical joint motion, we introduce selfie motion , which has a fewer number of DoF than spherical joint motion. We validate the performance and guaranteed optimality of our method on both synthetic and real-world data. Additionally, we demonstrate the applicability of the proposed method for two applications: refocusing and stylization.
Selfie,selfie stick,relative pose estimation,branch-and-bound,global optimization
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