Lung Transplant from ECMO: Current Results and Predictors of Post-transplant Mortality

CURRENT TRANSPLANTATION REPORTS(2021)

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摘要
Purpose of Review We examined data from the last 5 years describing extracorporeal life support (ECLS) as a bridge to lung transplantation. We assessed predictors of survival to transplantation and post-transplant mortality. Recent Findings The number of lung transplants performed worldwide is increasing. This is accompanied by an increase in the type of patients being transplanted, including sicker patients with more advanced disease. Consequently, there is an increase in the need for bridging strategies, with varying success. Several predictors of failure have been identified. Major risk factors include retransplantation, other organ dysfunction, and deconditioning. Summary ECLS is a risky strategy but necessary for patients who would otherwise die if not bridged to transplantation. The presence of predictors for failure is not a contraindication for bridging. However, major risk factors should be approached cautiously. Other, more minor risk factors may be considered acceptable. More importantly, the strategy should be individualized for each patient to achieve the best possible outcomes.
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关键词
Lung transplantation, Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), Extracorporeal life support (ECLS), Bridge to transplant
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