Kinodynamic Model Identification: A Unified Geometric Approach

IEEE Transactions on Robotics(2021)

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A robot's dynamic model depends on both the kinematic and mass-inertial parameters of a robot. Robot model identification therefore typically begins with kinematic identification; the mass-inertial parameters are then identified with the identified kinematic parameters used in the dynamic model. In this article we show that poorly identified kinematic parameters can lead to an uncorrectable bias in the dynamic model, leading to errors in the mass-inertial parameters that are many times that of kinematic parameter errors. We instead argue that a unified kinodynamic identification leads to more accurate identification of both the kinematic and mass-inertial parameters. A linearly weighted kinodynamic objective function is proposed, in which the weight can be interpreted from a maximum likelihood perspective as the relative accuracy of the kinematic sensors vis-à-vis the dynamic sensors. Recursive algorithms for computing exact analytic gradients of the kinodynamic objective function are newly derived, leading to robust and fast-converging identification algorithms. Extensive numerical and hardware experiments demonstrate the advantages of our unified kinodynamic identification procedure.
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Key words
Calibration and identification,dynamics,kinematics,maximum likelihood estimation
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