Deep Learning Stochastic Processes With Qcd Phase Transition

PHYSICAL REVIEW D(2021)

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Abstract
It is nontrivial to recognize phase transitions and track dynamics inside a stochastic process because of its intrinsic stochasticity. In this paper, we employ the deep learning method to classify the phase orders and predict the damping coefficient of fluctuating systems under Langevin description. As a concrete setup, we demonstrate this paradigm for the scalar condensation in QCD matter near the critical point, in which the order parameter of the chiral phase transition can be characterized in a 1 + 1-dimensional Langevin equation for the sigma field. In a supervised learning manner, convolutional neural networks accurately classify the first-order phase transition and crossover based on sigma field configurations with fluctuations. Noise in the stochastic process does not significantly hinder the performance of the well-trained neural network for phase order recognition. For mixed dynamics with diverse dynamical parameters, we further devise and train the machine to predict the damping coefficients eta in a broad range. The results show that it is robust to extract the dynamics from the bumpy field configurations.
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Key words
qcd phase transition,stochastic processes,deep learning,phase transition
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