Robust Principal Component Analysis: A Median of Means Approach


引用 4|浏览8
Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is a fundamental tool for data visualization, denoising, and dimensionality reduction. It is widely popular in Statistics, Machine Learning, Computer Vision, and related fields. However, PCA is well known to fall prey to the presence of outliers and often fails to detect the true underlying low-dimensional structure within the dataset. Recent supervised learning methods, following the Median of Means (MoM) philosophy, have shown great success in dealing with outlying observations without much compromise to their large sample theoretical properties. In this paper, we propose a PCA procedure based on the MoM principle. Called the Median of Means Principal Component Analysis (MoMPCA), the proposed method is not only computationally appealing but also achieves optimal convergence rates under minimal assumptions. In particular, we explore the non-asymptotic error bounds of the obtained solution via the aid of Vapnik-Chervonenkis theory and Rademacher complexity, while granting absolutely no assumption on the outlying observations. The efficacy of the proposal is also thoroughly showcased through simulations and real data applications.
AI 理解论文