# Solving Quadratic Unconstrained Binary Optimization with divide-and-conquer and quantum algorithms

CoRR（2021）

Abstract

Quadratic Unconstrained Binary Optimization (QUBO) is a broad class of optimization problems with many practical applications. To solve its hard instances in an exact way, known classical algorithms require exponential time and several approximate methods have been devised to reduce such cost. With the growing maturity of quantum computing, quantum algorithms have been proposed to speed up the solution by using either quantum annealers or universal quantum computers. Here we apply the divide-and-conquer approach to reduce the original problem to a collection of smaller problems whose solutions can be assembled to form a single Polynomial Binary Unconstrained Optimization instance with fewer variables. This technique can be applied to any QUBO instance and leads to either an all-classical or a hybrid quantum-classical approach. When quantum heuristics like the Quantum Approximate Optimization Algorithm (QAOA) are used, our proposal leads to a double advantage: a substantial reduction of quantum resources, specifically an average of ~42% fewer qubits to solve MaxCut on random 3-regular graphs, together with an improvement in the quality of the approximate solutions reached.

MoreTranslated text

Key words

quadratic unconstrained binary optimization,quantum algorithms,divide-and-conquer

AI Read Science

Must-Reading Tree

Example

Generate MRT to find the research sequence of this paper

Chat Paper

Summary is being generated by the instructions you defined