Three-Dimensional Localization Algorithm Based On Improved A* And Dv-Hop Algorithms In Wireless Sensor Network


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In the traditional wireless sensor networks (WSNs) localization algorithm based on the Internet of Things (IoT), the distance vector hop (DV-Hop) localization algorithm has the disadvantages of large deviation and low accuracy in three-dimensional (3D) space. Based on the 3DDV-Hop algorithm and combined with the idea of A* algorithm, this paper proposes a wireless sensor network node location algorithm (MA*-3DDV-Hop) that integrates the improved A* algorithm and the 3DDV-Hop algorithm. In MA*-3DDV-Hop, firstly, the hop-count value of nodes is optimized and the error of average distance per hop is corrected. Then, the multi-objective optimization non dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) is adopted to optimize the coordinates locally. After selection, crossover, mutation, the Pareto optimal solution is obtained, which overcomes the problems of premature convergence and poor convergence of existing algorithms. Moreover, it reduces the error of coordinate calculation and raises the localization accuracy of wireless sensor network nodes. For three different multi-peak random scenes, simulation results show that MA*-3DDV-Hop algorithm has better robustness and higher localization accuracy than the 3DDV-Hop, PSO-3DDV-Hop, GA-3DDV-Hop, and N2-3DDV-Hop.
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Key words
wireless sensor networks (WSNs), Internet of Things (IoT), 3DDV-Hop, A* algorithm, NSGA-II, hop-count value, average distance per hop
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