Structural, Photophysical And Nonlinear Optical Limiting Properties Of Sandwich Phthalocyanines With Different Rare Earth Metals


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Four sandwich phthalocyanines with different rare earth metals (La, Y, Yb and Sc) are synthesized to investigate the influence of aggregation on nonlinear optical limiting effect. Hyperchem fitting results show that the distance between the phthalocyanine rings of the four phthalocyanine compounds is 2.81, 2.69, 2.56 and 2.38 angstrom for LaPc (Tetra-beta-(4-nitro) lanthanum phthalocyanine), YPc (Tetra-beta-(4-nitro) yttrium phthalocyanine), YbPc (Tetra-beta-(4-nitro) ytterbium phthalocyanine) and ScPc (Tetra-(3-(4-nitro) scandium phthalocyanine), respectively. As the radius of rare earth ions decreases, the interlayer spacing between phthalocyanine rings decreases, which greatly increases the degree of aggregation between phthalocyanine rings. As a result, the photophysical and nonlinear absorption coefficients of different rare-earth phthalocyanines also show regular changes. The nonlinear absorption coefficients of the four rare-earth phthalocyanines were LaPc (beta = 1.86x10(-10) m/W), YPc (beta = 9.78x10(-11) m/W), YbPc (beta = 6.63x10(-11) m/W), ScPc (beta = 7.43x10(-11) m/W), respectively, indicating that the degree of aggregation between phthalocyanine rings gradually increases as the radius of rare earth metals changes from La, Y, Yb, to Sc, which inhibits the reverse saturable absorption process of the triplet states, resulting in a gradual decrease of the nonlinear absorption coefficient. The experimental results fully reveal the effect of the aggregation effect between phthalocyanine rings on photophysical and nonlinear optical properties, and would provide a theoretical basis for the design of high-performance nonlinear optical materials.
Phthalocyanine, Rare earth metal, Aggregation effect, Nonlinear absorption, Optical limiting
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