Genome of Tetraploid Fish Schizothorax o'connori Provides Insights into Early Re-diploidization and High-Altitude Adaptation

iScience(2020)

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摘要
Whole-genome duplications (WGDs) of Schizothoracinae are believed to have played a significant role in speciation and environmental adaptation on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). Here, we present a genome for Schizothorax o'connori, a QTP endemic fish and showed the species as a young tetraploid with a recent WGD later than ∼1.23 mya. We exhibited that massive insertions between duplicated genomes caused by transposon bursts could induce mutagenesis in adjacent sequences and alter the expression of neighboring genes, representing an early re-diploidization process in a polyploid genome after WGD. Meanwhile, we found that many genes involved in DNA repair and folate transport/metabolism experienced natural selection and might contribute to the environmental adaptation of this species. Therefore, the S. o'connori genome could serve as a young tetraploid model for investigations of early re-diploidization in polyploid genomes and offers an invaluable genetic resource for environmental adaptation studies of the endemic fish of the QTP.
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Biological Sciences,Evolutionary Biology,Genomics,Transcriptomics
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