Conjugate Phase Change Heat Transfer in an Inclined Compound Cavity Partially Filled with a Porous Medium: A Deformed Mesh Approach

Transport in Porous Media(2020)

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Abstract
In this paper, the melting process of a PCM inside an inclined compound enclosure partially filled with a porous medium is theoretically addressed using a novel deformed mesh method. The sub-domain area of the compound enclosure is made of a porous layer and clear region. The right wall of the enclosure is adjacent to the clear region and is subject to a constant temperature of T c . The left wall, which is connected to the porous layer, is thick and thermally conductive. The thick wall is partially subject to the hot temperature of T h . The remaining borders of the enclosure are well insulated. The governing equations for flow and heat transfer, including the phase change effects and conjugate heat transfer at the thick wall, are introduced and transformed into a non-dimensional form. A deformed grid method is utilized to track the phase change front in the solid and liquid regions. The melting front movement is controlled by the Stefan condition. The finite element method, along with Arbitrary Eulerian–Lagrangian (ALE) moving grid technique, is employed to solve the non-dimensional governing equations. The modeling approach and the accuracy of the utilized numerical approach are verified by comparison of the results with several experimental and numerical studies, available in the literature. The effect of conjugate wall thickness, inclination angle, and the porous layer thickness on the phase change heat transfer of PCM is investigated. The outcomes show that the rates of melting and heat transfer are enhanced as the thickness of the porous layer increases. The melting rate is the highest when the inclination angle of the enclosure is 45°. An increase in the wall thickness improves the melting rate.
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Key words
Phase change materials (PCMs),Porous layer,ALE moving grid,Compound enclosure,Finite element method
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