Towards a Human-like Open-Domain Chatbot

Adiwardana Daniel,Luong Minh-Thang,So David R., Hall Jamie, Fiedel Noah, Thoppilan Romal,Yang Zi, Kulshreshtha Apoorv, Nemade Gaurav,Lu Yifeng,Le Quoc V.大牛学者


引用 838|浏览449
We present Meena, a multi-turn open-domain chatbot trained end-to-end on data mined and filtered from public domain social media conversations. This 2.6B parameter neural network is trained to minimize perplexity, an automatic metric that we compare against human judgement of multi-turn conversation quality. To capture this judgement, we propose a human evaluation metric called Sensibleness and Specificity Average (SSA), which captures key elements of good conversation. Interestingly, our experiments show strong correlation between perplexity and SSA. The fact that the best perplexity end-to-end trained Meena scores high on SSA (72% on multi-turn evaluation) suggests that a human-level SSA of 86% is potentially within reach if we can better optimize perplexity. Additionally, the full version of Meena (with a filtering mechanism and tuned decoding) scores 79% SSA, 23% higher than the next highest scoring chatbot that we evaluated.
AI 理解论文