A temporal thymic selection switch and ligand binding kinetics constrain neonatal Foxp3 + T reg cell development

NATURE IMMUNOLOGY(2019)

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摘要
The neonatal thymus generates Foxp3 + regulatory T (tT reg ) cells that are critical in controlling immune homeostasis and preventing multiorgan autoimmunity. The role of antigen specificity on neonatal tT reg cell selection is unresolved. Here we identify 17 self-peptides recognized by neonatal tT reg cells, and reveal ligand specificity patterns that include self-antigens presented in an age- and inflammation-dependent manner. Fate-mapping studies of neonatal peptidyl arginine deiminase type IV (Padi4)-specific thymocytes reveal disparate fate choices. Neonatal thymocytes expressing T cell receptors that engage IA b -Padi4 with moderate dwell times within a conventional docking orientation are exported as tT reg cells. In contrast, Padi4-specific T cell receptors with short dwell times are expressed on CD4 + T cells, while long dwell times induce negative selection. Temporally, Padi4-specific thymocytes are subject to a developmental stage-specific change in negative selection, which precludes tT reg cell development. Thus, a temporal switch in negative selection and ligand binding kinetics constrains the neonatal tT reg selection window.
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关键词
Regulatory T cells,T-cell receptor,Biomedicine,general,Immunology,Infectious Diseases
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