EasyLabels: weak labels for scene segmentation in laparoscopic videos

International journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery(2019)

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Purpose We present a different approach for annotating laparoscopic images for segmentation in a weak fashion and experimentally prove that its accuracy when trained with partial cross-entropy is close to that obtained with fully supervised approaches. Methods We propose an approach that relies on weak annotations provided as stripes over the different objects in the image and partial cross-entropy as the loss function of a fully convolutional neural network to obtain a dense pixel-level prediction map. Results We validate our method on three different datasets, providing qualitative results for all of them and quantitative results for two of them. The experiments show that our approach is able to obtain at least 90% of the accuracy obtained with fully supervised methods for all the tested datasets, while requiring ∼ 13 × less time to create the annotations compared to full supervision. Conclusions With this work, we demonstrate that laparoscopic data can be segmented using very few annotated data while maintaining levels of accuracy comparable to those obtained with full supervision.
Computer-assisted interventions,Instrument detection and segmentation,Laparoscopy
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