Protein Kinase C Modulation Determines the Mesoderm/Extraembryonic Fate under BMP4 induction from Human Pluripotent Stem Cells.

Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio)(2023)

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The interplay among mitogenic signaling pathways is crucial for proper embryogenesis. These pathways collaboratively act through intracellular master regulators to determine specific cell fates. Identifying the master regulators is critical to understanding embryogenesis and to developing new applications of pluripotent stem cells. In this report, we demonstrate protein kinase C (PKC) as an intrinsic master switch between embryonic and extraembryonic cell fates in the differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs). PKCs are essential to induce the extraembryonic lineage downstream of BMP4 and other mitogenic modulators. PKC-alpha (PKCα) suppresses BMP4-induced mesoderm differentiation, and PKC-delta (PKCδ) is required for trophoblast cell fate. PKC activation overrides mesoderm induction conditions and leads to extraembryonic fate. In contrast, PKC inhibition leads to β-catenin (CTNNB1) activation, switching cell fate from trophoblast to mesoderm lineages. This study establishes PKC as a signaling boundary directing the segregation of extraembryonic and embryonic lineages. The manipulation of intrinsic PKC activity could greatly enhance cell differentiation under mitogenic regulation in stem cell applications.
BMP4,Extraembryonic,FGF,GF109203X,Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs),Mesoderm,Protein Kinase C (PKC),Signaling Boundary,Trophoblast,WNT
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