Hypoxia promotes osteosarcoma cell proliferation and migration through enhancing platelet-derived growth factor-BB/platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β axis.

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications(2019)

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Osteosarcoma is a primary malignant bone tumor, characterized by high therapeutic resistance and poor outcomes, due to unclear pathological mechanisms. It has been shown recently that the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)/platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) pathway is closely associated with the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma. Hypoxia is a critical hallmark of tumor microenvironment that promotes the malignant phenotype in many solid tumors and a fundamental impediment to effective tumor therapy. In this study, we confirmed that hypoxia is an important feature of osteosarcoma, validated by the positive immunohistochemistry staining of hypoxia marker hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) in osteosarcoma tissue samples. More importantly, we discovered that hypoxia could transcriptionally upregulate the expression of both PDGF-BB and PDGFR-β in osteosarcoma cells in vitro. Likewise, we also established that hypoxia-induced PDGF-BB is strongly related to the enhanced cell proliferation and migration, by activating AKT, ERK1/2, and STAT3 signaling pathways. Notably, when using an antibody to block the autocrine of PDGF-BB, cell proliferation and migration were partially aborted in hypoxia. Collectively, we demonstrated that the hypoxia-activated PDGF-BB/PDGFR-β axis plays essential roles in osteosarcoma progression. These findings may shed light on the molecular pathogenesis of osteosarcoma, and provide a novel strategy for osteosarcoma treatment by combinational targeting hypoxia and PDGF-BB/PDGFR signaling.
Osteosarcoma,Platelet-derived growth factor-BB,Platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β,Hypoxia
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