Consistency in the face of change: an adaptive approach to physical layer cooperation.
arXiv: Networking and Internet Architecture（2016）
Most existing works on physical-layer (PHY) cooperation (beyond routing) focus on how to best use a given, static relay network--while wireless networks are anything but static. In this paper, we pose a different set of questions: given that we have multiple devices within range, which relay(s) do we use for PHY cooperation, to maintain a consistent target performance? How can we efficiently adapt, as network conditions change? And how important is it, in terms of performance, to adapt? Although adapting to the best path when routing is a well understood problem, how to do so over PHY cooperation networks is an open question. Our contributions are: (1) We demonstrate via theoretical evaluation, a diminishing returns trend as the number of deployed relays increases. (2) Using a simple algorithm based on network metrics, we efficiently select the sub-network to use at any given time to maintain a target reliability. (3) When streaming video from Netflix, we experimentally show (using measurements from a WARP radio testbed employing DIQIF relaying) that our adaptive PHY cooperation scheme provides a throughput gain of 2x over nonadaptive PHY schemes, and a gain of 6x over genie-aided IP-level adaptive routing.更多