A novel low-profile broadband circularly polarized compact antenna array

2016 IEEE International Conference on Ubiquitous Wireless Broadband (ICUWB)(2016)

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A novel low-profile broadband circularly polarized compact 2×2 array is presented in this paper. The array combines the advantages of stacked patch structure, sequential-rotation method and a feed network composed of Wilkinson power divider and T-junction power splitter, exhibiting excellent performance. The dual feeds of the square patch are connected to output ports of Wilkinson power divider with a 90° phase shifter to radiate circularly polarized wave. Then, a compact 2×2 array fed by sequential-rotation method to form phase 0°, −90°, −180° and −270° is proposed, with a low profile less than 0.1 wavelength. All of the radiation elements and feed network are printed on the lower substrate without the need of a separate substrate for feed network, while four parasitic patches are printed on the upper substrate. Experimental results show that the array can achieve an impedance bandwidth of 27.78% for the 10-dB return loss and a 3-dB axial ratio bandwidth of 52%. The antenna gain bandwidth, considering 1-dB gain variation within the impedance bandwidth, is about 16%, with the maximum gain about 14.19dBi.
low-profile broadband circularly polarized compact antenna array,stacked patch structure,sequential-rotation method,Wilkinson power divider,T-junction power splitter
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