Dark Matter directional detection: comparison of the track direction determination

C. Couturier, J. P. Zopounidis,N. Sauzet, F. Naraghi,D. Santos

JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS(2017)

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摘要
Several directional techniques have been proposed for a directional detection of Dark matter, among others anisotropic crystal detectors, nuclear emulsion plates, and low-pressure gaseous TPCs. The key point is to get access to the initial direction of the nucleus recoiling due to the elastic scattering by a WIMP. In this article, we aim at estimating, for each method, how the information of the recoil track initial direction is preserved in different detector materials. We use the SRIM simulation code to emulate the motion of the first recoiling nucleus in each material. We propose the use of a new observable, D, to quantify the preservation of the initial direction of the recoiling nucleus in the detector. We show that in an emulsion mix and an anisotropic crystal, the initial direction is lost very early, while in a typical TPC gas mix, the direction is well preserved.
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dark matter detectors,dark matter simulation
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