Measuring Exaptation and Its Impact on Innovation, Search, and Problem Solving
Organization Science, Volume 28, Issue 2, 2017, Pages 320-338.
Exaptation, the emergence of latent functionality in existing artifacts, is an underexplored mechanism of novelty generation in innovation. In this paper, we measure the frequency of exaptation in the pharmaceutical industry. We find that about 42% of new functions derived from existing drugs have an exaptive nature. We think that this co...More
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