Parallel solid-phase synthesis and high-throughput 1H NMR evaluation of a 96-member 1,2,4-trisubstituted-pyrimidin-6-one-5-carboxylic acid library.

JOURNAL OF COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY(2009)

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摘要
A solid-phase organic synthesis method has been developed for the preparation of trisubstituted pyrimidin-6-one carboxylic acids 12, which allows elaboration to a 3-dimensional combinatorial library. Three substituents are introduced by initial Knoevenagel condensation of an aldehyde and malonate ester resin 7 to give resin bound 1. Cyclization of 1 with an N-substituted amidine 10, oxidation, and cleavage afforded pyrimidinone 12. The initial solid-phase reaction sequence was followed by gel-phase (FNMR)-F-19 and direct-cleavage H-1 NMR of intermediate resins to determine the optimal conditions. The scope of the method for library production was determined by investigation of a 3 x 4 pilot library of twelve compounds. Cyclocondensation of N-methylamidines and 7 followed by CAN oxidation gave mixtures of the resin bound pyrimidin-6-one 11 and the regioisomeric pyrimidin-4-one 15, which after cleavage from the resin afforded a nearly 1: 1 mixture of pyrimidin-6-one and pyrimidin-4-one carboxylic acids 12 and 16, respectively. The regiochemical assignment was confirmed by ROESYID and gHMBC NMR experiments. A library was prepared using 8 aldehydes, 3 nitriles, and 4 amines to give a full combinatorial set of 96 pyrimidinones 12. Confirmation of structural identity and purity was carried out by LCMS using coupled ELS detection and by high-throughput flow H-1 NMR.
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